Method 1: "Bitzrust" (the simplest)
Bitzrust is the most straightforward of the methods. It creates a slightly unsatisfying rust but a fairly nice "heavy" metal feel. Bitzrust's method is as follows:
- Basecoat with Tin Bitz over a black primer.
- Drybrush with 50:50 mix of Tin Bitz and Boltgun Metal.
- Drybrush with Boltgun Metal.
- Wash with Badab Black.
Method 2: "Charlierust"
Charlierust was created by Charlie Brassley of The Beard Bunker as a simpler version of my Jeffrust. Works as a nice quick rusting scheme with a much more satisfying feel than Bitzrust. It lacks the deep variation of tones that Jeffrust has but also doesn't take four stippling steps to achieve...
- Basecoat with Calthan Brown over a black primer.
- Drybrush with Boltgun Metal. Use a stippling motion on flat areas to create texture.
- Wash with Badab Black.
Method 3: "Jeffrust"
This one is my baby (no Jeff, really? Jeffrust is yours? No kidding?) I developed it ages ago when I was painting Orks and Ogres. Lots of rust on them, I wasn't happy with the GW method that was around at the time and developed this in response. The method is as follows:
- Basecoat with Dark Flesh over a black primer. You may need two coats of Dark Flesh to achieve a solid coat of colour.
- Stipple on a layer of Vermin Brown. Use a partially dried brush to ensure that the Dark Flesh coat is visible beneath the Vermin Brown. I recommend using an old drybrush for this, don't use the so-called stippling brush. It has its uses but stippling isn't one of them...
- Repeat the stippling with Macharius Solar Orange (I used to use Blazing Orange before foundation paints existed). The MSO gives a lovely dusty feel to the orangey rust. Ensure that you use a drier brush than the previous step. You want to leave Vermin Brown and Dark Flesh visible under this layer.
- Drybrush Boltgun metal onto the rust with a stippling motion. This creates the sort of scrapes and dings that expose the bare metal through the rust. This step determines how rusted your finished piece looks. A light coat creates an ramshackle corroded look. A heavier coat creates a lightly corroded appearance.
- Wash the rust with Badab Black to define the shading.
Method 4: "Powders" (the most complex)
I can't really pretend to be an expert here as I have just started using these. This is the preferred method of most of the 1/35 modellers out there. All of the powders mentioned are Forgeworld:
- Over a black primer or a coat of Vallejo Track Primer dust a heavy coating of Aged Rust. Brush off the excess.
- Dust another coat of Light Rust over the top of the Aged rust. Brush off and blend the excess.
- Dust a final coat of Orange Rust over the Light rust to add depth to the effect.
- Using a pencil, define the edges and highpoints of the rust.
- Finally dust the entire piece with a light coat of Light Earth to dirty the piece up.
There isn't a "best" method in this quartet. Only different ones that I use for different purposes. To find your favourite play with these and pick one! Alternatively invent your own and share the results with the world! That's all for now folks.